EXAMINING THE FACTORS OF QUALITY OF LIFE – A CASE STUDY IN BUDAPEST

Éva IZSÁK, Ferenc PROBÁLD, Annamária UZZOLI

Abstract. After a brief introduction describing the urban environment of Budapest, the local differences in the quality of life are characterized by means of an index derived from the broadest set of variables that are available for the 23 districts of the Hungarian capital. The concept of HDI is also adapted to the urban districts and by regressing its value against property prices, an extremely strong correlation could be revealed. Out of the components of HDI, the education level of the resident population appears to be most closely connected with the property values. By disaggregating the real estate transactions database of the years 2005 and 2006 according to street addresses in the hilly Buda districts, it is possible to assess the impact of altitude on the residential property values. The mean price related to unit floor area of the apartments reaches a peak at a height of 200 meter above sea level where favourable environmental attributes, like proximity to open space and visual amenities are coupled with prestigeous image and high status of the population. Beyond the natural endowment, the scarcity of land available for housing in the Buda Hills and high construction costs due to the physiography are also capitalised in the property values. Conclusions bearing relevance to urban planning are summarized in a SWOT analysis at the end of the paper.

Keywords: Budapest – HDI – Urban environment – Quality of life – Property prices – SWOT analysis

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THE BROADLEAF WEEDS IN CORN OF CROP ON AREA SOUTHWESTERN BANAT AND THEIR CONTROL

Eleonora Onć JOVANOVIĆ, Slobodanka MARKOVIĆ, Zlata GAVRILOVIĆ, Piljo DAKIĆ

Abstract. The crop of corn in the ofmarshy blanck soil type to two year trial investigated the efficacy of tembotrion (herbicide Laudis) and foramsulfuron, jodsulfuron-methyl-sodium (herbicide Maister OD). Evaluations of herbicides efficacy was based on the number of weeds and their fresh weight per unit area. Using tembotrion, as so foramsulfuron, jodsulfuron-methyl-sodium recorded good efficacy in control sensitive anual broadleaf weed species. For the evaluation of action investigated tembotrion, as so foramsulfuron, jodsulfuron-methylsodium followed by the number of weeds and fresh weight, based on which the calculated efficiency of the studied treatments. Given these elements has been registered different effectiveness on the dominate annual broadleaf weed species. In both years the research was concluded frekvently Abutilon theophrasti Medik., Datura stramonium L., Hibiscus trionum L., and Portulaca oleracea L., which can be correlated with biological characteristics weed species, and effect uncontrolled environmental factors.

Keywords: broadleaf weeds, corn, control

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REVIEW AN EMERGING ROLE OF EPIGENETICS IN TOXIC METAL REMANENCE ACCUMULATION–EARLY SIGNALLING IN DISEASE

Cristina POPESCU

Abstract. Cromatin remodeling is a very dinamic process which lies at the bottom of almost all dna templated biological events including gene transcription dna replication and repair, dna condensation and chromosome segregation and apoptosis. Chromatin structure is governed in part by postranslational modifications of histones. Chromatin displays epigenetic inheritance, in that, changes in its structure can pass to the next generation independently of the dna sequence itself. It is now clear that the post–translational modification of histones, for example, acetylation, methylation and phosphorylation, plays a crucial role in the regulation of nuclear function through the histone code. Disruption of these processes due to enviroment changes its intimatley associated with human disease including cancer. Currently epigenetics is defined a heritable changes in gene expression that do not alter d sequence but are mitotically and transgenerationally inheritale. The traditional view that gene and enviroment interactions control disease susceptibility ca now be expanded to include epigenetic reprograming as key determinant of origins of human disease. In the past, susceptibility of disease was belived to be determined solely by inheritable information carried on the primary sequence of dna. Individuals are endowed with different genotypes that respond differently to different enviromental factors. Recently, however, it has became clear that epigenetic disruption of gene expresion plays an equally important role in the development of disease and, arguably, that this process is more susceptible that the former to enviromental modulation. Identification of a significat number of epigenetically regulated genes in various model system has prepared the field to start the cahracterization of distinct epigenoms related to various diseases. Improvement in human health could then be redirected from curative care to personalized, based on epigenetic markings etched in the ones epigenom.

Key words: metal exposure, DNA methylation, histone potranslational modification, disease

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EDITORIAL „Restless Soul” – professor Gallia Butnaru

Cristina POPESCU

The prestige of University is not measured by the years in function, but mostly about the people that contribute to its development. The TRUE human been makes a place holy…. says an old proverb, but I believe the place stays holy even after the man is gone. Somebody said that is difficult to be a women, but I am sure it’s even more difficult to be a women in science.

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MICROBIAL BETA–CAROTENE USE AS A FOOD ADDITIVE

Alina BUŢU, Gina FIDLER, Marian BUŢU

Abstract. The present article presents one of the possibilities to use in the food industry a microbial bio product type of vitamin A precursor. The microbial bioproduct has a high level of β–carotene and has been obtained from the biomass resulted from the cultivation in optimum conditions of a yeast strain. The strain used is from Rhodotorula spp. and it has been selected from the natural environment. We studied the possibility to enrich with β–carotene some natural syrups, by adding the microbial product in the original recipe. The bioproduct has been used in several recipes, in different concentrations and under several forms of presentation. We analyzed the following: the degree of bioproduct integration in the syrup, the physico–chemical and microbiological parameters of the syrup and the stability over time.

Keywords: microbial bioproduct, carotenoid pigments, Rhodotorula spp., β–carotene

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CHANGES IN SOME FORAGE INDICATORS OF ANNUAL WINTER CROPS UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF CENTRAL BALKAN MOUNTAINS IN BULGARIA

V. LINGORSKI

Abstract. In this study the highest dry matter yields were harvested from triticale (for pure crops) and from triticale+winter pea (for mixed crops). By pure crops the highest values of crude protein content (8.78 and 9.02%) had winter barley and winter vetch, and by mixed crops–winter barley+winter pea, winter barley+winter vetch and triticale+winter pea (11.40, 9.15 and 9.17%, respectively). The content of crude fat in forage had near values for studying pure and mixed crops. For all sowing crops the crude fibre content varied also in comparatively little limits, while the nitrogen–free extract matters for pure crops ranged within widely limits in comparison with mixed crops. The highest crude protein yield from all crops (without the standards) was obtained only by triticale, and it was 40.00% higher than winter barley. All other crops had a lower productivity than other corresponding standards.

Key words: annual winter crops, dry mass, chemical composition, crude protein yield, Central Balkan Mountains (Bulgaria).

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MARKETING MIX APPLIED TO PREPARATIONS WITH VITAMIN C AND RESVERATROL CONTENT

Eleonora ONC–JOVANOVIC, Angela CAUNII

 Abstract. Preparations containing vitamins and antioxidants through their wealth in bioactive components are a very efficient source of compounds to prevent excessive accumulation of free radicals in the body or to interact with existing ones and improve the health of the population. This study aims to study bio components products containing antioxidant compounds with vitamin activity. An example of this is grapes, especially those of Vitis vinifera. For these products to meet both the human body needs and the demands of consumers, the study was completed by operational marketing applications. The high quality of the studied products is represented by the ability to easily enter the usual American diet and inadequate consumer components of vitamins and antioxidants. This is also an effective way to prevent power imbalances that can lead to degenerative diseases and maintain a state of optimal health.

  Keywords: marketing mix, vitamin C, antioxidant bio components, resveratrol

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THE PROCESS MANAGEMENT OF FOOD ENRICHMENT SUPPLEMENTS WITH ANTIOXIDANTS AND THEIR IMPACT ON QUALITY OF LIFE

Eleonora ONC–JOVANOVIC, Angela CAUNII

Abstract. Resveratrol is a fitoalexina, which belongs to a class of antibiotics produced by plants as a means of defense against possible infections especially fungal. Resveratrol (3.5, 4 I trihidroxistilben) is a polyphenolic fitoalexin. It is a stilbenoid, stilbene derivative. There are two isomers: cis–(Z) and trans–(E). Tran’s isomer can undergo isomerization to the cis–form when heated or exposed to ultraviolet irradiation. Currently on the market nutritional supplements these special supplements containing resveratrol these that bring added value to the daily diet especially in the fight to reduce the risk of carcinogenesis have a special place. This paper seeks to bring additional justification for such an improved diet and emphasizes on process management approach to implement the use of these supplements with the clear purpose of improving the quality of life.

Keywords: process management, nutritional supplements, antioxidants, trans–resveratrol

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DYNAMICS OF SOME CHEMICAL AND PRODUCTIVE INDICATORS OF ANNUAL SPRING CEREALS UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF CENTRAL BALKAN MOUNTAINS IN BULGARIA

VLINGORSKI

Abstract. The comparative evaluation of annual spring forage cereals under the conditions of Central Balkan Mountains in Bulgaria (Troyan region) proved that over the period from 2002 to 2004, the highest dry matter yield was harvested from sudan–grass, followed by sorghum–sudan–grass hybrid and millet. All of them exceeded the standard crop (maize) by 37.71%, 29.29% and 21.04%, accordingly. The highest value (11.39%) of crude protein content was observed for oats and of crude fat content–for millet. Maximum values of crude ash, calcium and phosphorus in dry mass had the oats. The highest crude protein yield (0.74 t/ha) was obtained from millet, and it was 12.12% higher than maize (standard crop).

Key words: annual spring cereals, dry mass yields, forage chemical composition, crude protein yields, Central Balkan Mountains, Bulgaria.

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INVESTIGATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF THE GROWTH HORMONE TYPE 1 (GH1) GENE HOMOLOGUE IN THE SALMO TRUTTA CASPIUS

 Abolhasan REZAEI, Sheyda AKHSHABI, Hamid Reza JAMALZADEH

Abstract. Salmo trutta caspius growth hormone genes (GH) homologue are used as models for studies in comparative variation breeding, transgenic and growth body weight. Hence variation genetic was studied between the salmo trutta caspius growth hormone gene1 (GH1) and Salmo salar. In this study, isolation and characterization of growth hormone of gene type 1 (GH1) in the salmo trutta caspius, recognizing full length DNA GH1 in strain salmo trutta caspius on the gel electrophoresis. First, DNA genomic extracted from blood samples of adult salmo trutta caspius and from places north of Iran was done. The method of DNA extraction (absorption on the fiber glass (kit) were used. One pair of primers was designed towards GH1 gene homologue. DNA template concentration, annealing temperature and extension time was monitored to optimize them. PCR products have been compared between strains on the gel electrophoresis. Four fragments from nucleotide of 1 to 2541 were sequenced. The PCR products were analyzed by BLASTn. Results are shown; there were high homology within strains, salmo trutta caspius and salmo salar 96% approximately. Moreover, our discussion are shown about sequencing homologue GH1 of salmo trutta caspius populations possible have been common ancestor with different species salmo trutta.

Key words: Salmo salar, Salmo trutta caspius, Growth hormone gene type 1, Sequencing, DNA

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