OTIORRHYNCHUS LIGUSTICI L. (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE) I. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE RESISTANCE OF ALFALFA VARIETIES

 DOI: 10.7904/2068 – 4738 – III(6) – 68

Ivelina NIKOLOVA, Nataliya GEORGIEVA

Abstract: From studies carried out during the period 2006–2009 in the experimental field of the IFC–Pleven with 8 alfalfa varieties included in the Official variety catalog of Bulgaria (2005): Europe (France), Prista 2 (Obraztsov Chiflik, Rouse), Prista 3 (Obraztsov Chiflik, Rouse), Prista 4 (Exemplary Chiflik, Rouse), Obnova 10 (EFC, Pleven), Pleven 6 (EFC, Pleven), Dara (EFC, Pleven) and Multifoliate (Obraztsov Chiflik, Rousse) it was found that in the year of the establishment of the stand there was partial damage from Otiorrhynchus ligustici. It was found that surface of caused damage was a major sign to determination ofthe degree ofinfestation from the insect pest as it increased from second tofourth yearon average from 5.6 to 42.1 cm2.Varieties of Multifoliate, Europe and Prista 2 were the least preferred and with low values of surface of damage, number and length of the gnawed furrows. These varieties can be used as sources of germplasm resistant to Otiorrhynchus ligustici.

Keywords: alfalfa, varieties, damage, Otiorrhynchus ligustici

 

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