Pramod K. MAHISH, Kishan L. TIWARI, Shailesh K. JADHAV (INDIA)
Abstract. The present study report physiochemical properties of paper mill effluent and fungal diversity present in effluent. The fungi were further studied for production of organic waste degrading enzymes. Water quality analyzer, turbiditymeter and spectroquant nova 60 and titration method were used to physiochemical properties of paper mill effluent. Fungi were isolated from effluent in agar plate. Organic waste degrading amylolytic and cellulolytic enzyme produce by fungi were recorded in agar plate. The mean value of different physiochemical properties were found as follows: pH 7.50, EC 4.26 mS, TSS 0.28 mg/L, TDS 436.4 mg/L, Turbidity 145.26 NTU, DO 4.48 mg/l, BOD 48.26 mg/L, COD 54.14 mg/L, fluoride 1.15 mg/L, lead 1.78 mg/L and iron 0.51 mg/L. Aspergillus niger, A. fumigates and Penicillium oxalicum were found as dominant species. Fungi isolated from paper mill effluent produced enzymes to degrade the organic waste substances.
Key words: biodiversity of fungi, enzymatic potential fungi, paper mill effluent, physiochemical properties