Ahad Bigdeli KHAJEHDIZAJI 1*, Rasoul PIRMOHAMMADI 2, Akbar TAGHIZADEH3, Ahad Golghasem GHAREHBAGH4, Omid HAMIDI1, Zeinal HEMMATI5
1 Department of Animal Science, Maragheh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Maragheh, IRAN
2 Professor of Ruminant Nutrition, Department of Animal science, Agriculture Faculty, Urmia University, Urmia, IRAN
3 Professor of Ruminant Nutrition, Department of Animal Science, Agriculture Faculty, Tabriz University, Tabriz, IRAN
4 Agriculture Sciences Faculty, Payam e Noor University, Tehran, IRAN
5 Department of Animal Science, Agriculture Faculty, Urmia University, Urmia, IRAN
*Corresponding author: email: email@example.com
Abstract. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of different levels of calcium salts of fatty acids (CSFA) on performance in Holstein calves. A total of sixteen 17 month of age male Holstein calves with average of (540 ± 5 Kg) weight were selected and were divided into four groups in order to the experimental complete randomized block design. The calves were fed by control groups with no fat protected and 2, 4 and 6 percentages of fat protected oils until 60 days. Feed intake, Body weight gain and feed conversion ratio were measured. The blood samples were taken to investigate the serum content of plasma protein, glucose, calcium, phosphorus, cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL and HDL. Additionally, the fat and protein digestibility in each groups were measured. Data from this study showed that the highest FI and BW and the better FCR was related to the calves fed by 2 % fat protected supplement but there were no significant effects on calves performance between treatments. Feeding the fat protected supplementations lead to higher protein and fat digestibility none significantly. The higher use of calcium salts of fatty acids supplements lead to higher serum triglyceride, cholesterol, calcium and LDL significantly (P≤0.05). There were no significant differences between treatments about glucose, phosphorous and protein content in the calves were feed by different levels of calcium salts of fatty acids supplements. In conclusion we could demonstrated that using of different levels of calcium salts of fatty acids may have beneficial effects on performance and some blood biochemical in the male Holstein Calves.
Keyword: blood biochemical, calcium salts of fatty acids, performance, Holstein calves.