Brachiaria brizantha GROWTH IN AMENDED SOIL BY EFFLUENTS FROM THE MILK INDUSTRY

DOI: 10.7904/2068–4738–VI(11)–13

Alexandre Sylvio Vieira da Costa1, Adolf Heinrich Horn2, Essaid Bilal3, Aguiar Amando de Pinho4, Guilherme Kangussú Donagema5, Regynaldo Arruda Sampaio6

1Federal University of Jequitinhonha e Mucuri Vallays (UFJMV)–Diamantina, Minas Gerais, BRAZIL.
2Institute Geosciences of UFMG–Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, BRAZIL
3Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint Etienne, GSE, CNRS UMR 5600, F42023 Saint Etienne FRANCE; e–mail: bilalessaid@gmail.com
4Institute Geosciences of UFMG–Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, BRAZIL,
5UNIVALE–Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, BRAZIL
6Instituto de CiênciasAgrárias, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Caixa Postal 135, CEP 39404–006, Montes Claros, MG, BRASIL.

Abstract. The present work had as objective the verification of the effects of the incorporation of organic residues originating from ETE of the milk factory products in the soil and the effects in the development of the Brachiaria brizantha plants. The organic material was collected in the discard area of the factory, and been evaporated, triturated and separated in three granule size: powder, medium particles (with 2.0 mm diameter) and grains (medium particles with 6.0 mm diameter) and incorporate in soil by quantity of 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 t. ha–1 followed by the planting of the forage. During the development of the plants, three cuts were appraised the dry weight and number of tillers. At the end, analysis of the fertility of soil was executing. The used experimental design was representing by randomized blocks with four repetitions. The application of organic material originating from ETE residual of dairies was have shown highly promising results vin the development of the forage plants, mainly when they are used in the powder form or attached and in higher amounts. Also considering some absorption by the plants during the experiment, the level of the nutrients and available minerals in the soil increased, except for the magnesium.

Keyword: Agriculture Industry Residue, Soil Chemistry, Forage Production, Brachiaria brizantha, milk factory waste.

STUDIES ON CYTOCHROME C OXIDASE SUBUNIT II GENE IN Salmo trutta caspius

DOI: 10.7904/2068–4738–VI(11)–5

Abolhasan REZAEI

Department of Genetics–School of Basic Science, Islamic Azad University Tonekabon Branch, P.O. Box 4864161187, Tonekabon, IRAN.
Corresponding Author: Abolhasan Rezaei, e–mail: a.rezaei@tonekaboniau.ac.ir

Abstract. Cytochrome C oxidase subunit II in Salmo trutta caspius were sequenced and deposited in Genbank, accession number (LC 011387). The full length of CO II gene has 703 bp. In this study full length of CO II gene were compared between S. t. caspius, Salmo trutta, Salmo salar and Salmo trutta fario by NCBI Network system–BLAST program and DNAMAN computer program. Between S. t. caspius and S. trutta were found a high homology in nucleotides when compared by BLAST program and 100 % homology were found about amino acids when compared by DNAMAN program. CO II gene in S. t. caspius also were analysed with S. trutta, S. salar and S. t. fario. A high homology (99 %) was found between them when compared by BLAST program for nucleotides. About amino acids were compared with DNAMAN program, results were showed however between sequences of salmonids have been high homology but the location of mutation was important. Between S. t. caspius, S. salar and S. t. fario codon of methionine (start codon) were replaced. In generally between S. t. caspius and other salmonids that cited above have been low SNPs, hence there were high homology between CO II genes in salmonid species.

Keyword: Salmo trutta caspius, Salmo salar, Salmo trutta, SNPs, Cytochrome c oxidase subunit II.