Uchenna Ngozi UZOKWE and Josiah Chidiebere OKONKWO
Abstract: This study examined women farmers’ survival strategies against climate change in Delta State. The specific objectives are to: identify the adaptation strategies used by them to mitigate the effects of climate change, discover the challenges to adaptation strategies used and determine if the demographic characteristics of the women farmers influence their choice of adaptation strategies. Proportional sampling method was used to select 215 women farmers from the three Agricultural Zones of Delta State. The study revealed that the women farmers’ used these strategies to mitigate the effect of climate change on their agricultural practices: reduced use of chemical fertilizers (89%), use of organic fertilizers (88.25%), integrated pest management (85%), shifting cultivation (89.75%), crop rotation (75.50%), mulching (90.75%), cooling of pens (76.75%), tree planting (85.11%), change of crop varieties (75.75%), use of animals and birds that are more heat tolerant (88.25%). The most important challenge to adaptation strategies is lack of information (79.08%).Lack of money (49.52%) and inadequate labour (48.43%) are also worthy of note. In spite of the fact that farmers’ have other information sources apart from extension service, extension has been institutionalized to provide information and other agricultural services to farmers, therefore it needs to be well positioned and better equipped in the state to be relevant in meeting the needs of farmers.
Keywords: adaptation measures, climate change, extension services, women farmers